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Posted by Amelia Grant on 03/13/2019

Be Careful, Stress May Kill Your Body!

Be Careful, Stress May Kill Your Body!

Every day we experience stress, in these moments our brain produces stress hormones. Our pupils dilate, heart beats faster, respiration becomes rapid and shallow, muscles tense. Logically, if it happens every day, it may lead to serious health problems. What exactly happens to each body system under stress?

Central Nervous and Endocrine Systems

The central nervous system is mainly responsible for stress reaction, and it also starts a process of a burst of stress hormones - adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones decrease our heartbeat. 

When a sense of fear disappears, hypothalamus returns all our systems in an organism to normal. But if the central nervous system can’t return to its normal function or if stress continues, so hypothalamus will be trying to return systems to normal functioning over and over. 

That’s why chronic stress combined with high level of certain hormones, increases the risk of overeating or alcohol and drug abuse. 

Respiratory and Cardiovascular Systems

Stress hormones also affect our respiratory and cardiovascular systems. During stress, we breathe faster, and if you have allergies, asthma or emphysema, stress situation may provoke big troubles. 

The heart beats faster during stress. Hormones make our vessels compress, this leads to blood flow to the muscles, making us stronger and tougher (but just for a short time). It makes our blood pressure high and accordingly increases the risk of stroke and heart attack

Digestive System

Under stress, the blood sugar in our liver is increased. But if you have chronic stress, your body may not handle these sudden rises in blood sugar and it can lead to 2 type diabetes. 

A surge of hormones, rapid breath, and increased heart rate may also violate the work of the digestive system. It provokes heartburn and acid reflux through increased acid in the stomach. But, it won’t lead to stomach ulcer appearance. 

Muscle System

During stress our muscles tense. In this way, our body protects us from injuries. Usually, muscles become relaxed when we calm down, but if we are always under stress, they stay tense. This may lead to migraine, back pain, neck pain, and certain chronic pains. 

Reproductive System 

Stress is an exhaustive condition not only for our body but also for our brain. That’s why people under regular stress tell their doctors that they don’t have any sexual desire. 

Studies show that in the case of males, short-term stress leads to increased testosterone in the organism. But it has no connection to chronic stress. Because if a man regularly experiences stress, his testosterone level significantly decreases, this leads to erectile dysfunction. 

Regular stresses in females can affect their menstrual cycle: it becomes irregular, long, and more painful (dysmenorrhea). Besides, doctors say that chronic stress may provoke menopause. 

Immune System 

Stress stimulates the immune system, it may be good in some cases. This organism function helps us to prevent infections and recover faster from injuries. But specialists think that stress hormones may eventually weaken the immune system. It makes us more vulnerable to pathogenic bacterias. That’s why people under chronic stress are usually more susceptible to viral diseases, such as flu. 

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